Antisemitism may be manifested in many ways, ranging from expressions of hatred of or discrimination against individual Jews to organized pogroms by mobs, state police, or even military attacks on entire Jewish communities.Although the term did not come into common usage until the 19th century, it is now also applied to historic anti-Jewish incidents.Steinschneider used this phrase to characterise the French philosopher Ernest Renan's false ideas about how "Semitic races" were inferior to "Aryan races"'.Pseudoscientific theories concerning race, civilization, and "progress" had become quite widespread in Europe in the second half of the 19th century, especially as Prussian nationalistic historian Heinrich von Treitschke did much to promote this form of racism.Because of this bad nature: (1) Jews have to be seen not as individuals but as a collective.(2) Jews remain essentially alien in the surrounding societies.Late in 2013, the definition was removed from the website of the Fundamental Rights Agency.
The term may be spelled with or without a hyphen (antisemitism or anti-Semitism).
and opposition to the Jewish spirit, which Marr interpreted as infiltrating German culture.
His next pamphlet, Der Weg zum Siege des Germanenthums über das Judenthum (The Way to Victory of the Germanic Spirit over the Jewish Spirit, 1880), presents a development of Marr's ideas further and may present the first published use of the German word Antisemitismus, "antisemitism". On 19 July 1882, the editor says, 'This quite recent Anti-Semitism is hardly three years old.'" The term is confusing, for in modern usage 'Semitic' designates a language group, not a race.
However, despite its disappearance from the website of the Fundamental Rights Agency, the definition has gained widespread international use.
The definition has been adopted by the European Parliament Working Group on Antisemitism, 1889 Paris, France elections poster for self-described "candidat antisémite" Adolphe Willette: "The Jews are a different race, hostile to our own... " (see file for complete translation) Identification with antisemitism and as an antisemite was politically advantageous in Europe during the late 19th century. Cuza organized the Alliance Anti-semitique Universelle in Bucharest.