SCOPE The Rules of Professional Conduct are rules of reason.They should be interpreted with reference to the purposes of legal representation and of the law itself.RPC 8.4. In all professional functions a lawyer should be competent, prompt, and diligent.A lawyer should maintain communication with a client concerning the representation.A lawyer should aid the legal profession in pursuing these objectives and should help the bar regulate itself in the public interest. Many of a lawyer's professional responsibilities are prescribed in the Rules of Professional Conduct, as well as substantive and procedural law.
In addition, a lawyer should further the public's understanding of and confidence in the rule of law and the justice system because legal institutions in a constitutional democracy depend on popular participation and support to maintain their authority.
The Rules of Professional Conduct often prescribe terms for resolving such conflicts.
Within the framework of these Rules, however, many difficult issues of professional discretion can arise.
Self-regulation also helps maintain the legal profession's independence from government domination.
An independent legal profession is an important force in preserving government under law, for abuse of legal authority is more readily challenged by a profession whose members are not dependent on government for the right to practice. The legal profession's relative autonomy carries with it special responsibilities of self-government.