Engineering properties and classification of intact rock and rock masses; Geophysical methods and deformability tests in rock mass; Estimation of stresses in rock mass; Rock tunneling; Stability of rock slopes; Drilling and Blasting for underground and open excavations; Grouting in rocks; Rock reinforcement; Rock foundation.
Single Degree-of-Freedom Systems; Multi Degree-of-Freedom Systems; Modal Analysis; Numerical Methods; Seismology, Earthquake Dynamics; Nonlinearity; Structural Design Approaches, Displacement Prediction; Damage Measures; Capacity Design; Reinforced Concrete Structures; Steel Structures.
Research methods: Null Hypothesis formulation & testing, dependent & independent variables, qualitative, quantitative and categorical data, measurement scales, descriptive and inferential statistics (measures of central tendency, significance testing, ANOVA, repeated measures, posthoc testing, correlations, chi-square tests); Experimental design:single subject, between-group and within-group designs, randomization, factorial, parametric, subtractive, conjunction type designs; Research Tools: Review of basic mathematics, experimental psychology software (psychtoolbox, eprimeetc), Statistics using PSPP/Matlab/R; Research ethics and scientific writing with reference to APA guidelines.
Study of topographic sheet and analysis of hillslope and watershed features 3.Degrees of indeterminacy (flexibility & stiffness); Trusses (including types of trusses), beams and frames: determinate and indeterminate structures, cables and arches; moment area theorem; conjugate beam method; principle of virtual work; energy method; Castigliano’s theorems; unit-load and unit-displacement theorems; reciprocal theorems; Betti's and Maxwell's theorem; method of consistent deformations; slope-deflection method; displacement based methods; influence lines; Muller-Breslau's principle; moment distribution method; column analogy method; Introduction to matrix method.Introduction to using structural analysis software for the analysis of simple structures/structural components.Geotechnical investigations, reconnaissance and investigation plan, drilling, sampling, field-tests, groundwater level, laboratory tests, etc.; Stress-strain-strength behavior of soils, Triaxial tests – UU, CU and CD tests, stress paths, Skempton’s pore-pressure parameters, sample disturbance; Stability of slopes, limit equilibrium methods, ordinary methods of slices and simplified Bishop method, factors of safety; Seepage and stability of earth embankments, Types of foundations - shallow/deep, isolated, combined, mat, etc., contact pressure distributions, soil - foundation interactions, basics of structural design; Design of shallow foundation, bearing capacity, stress distribution in soils, total and differential settlement, plate-load test, structural forces and design; Retaining structures, gravity, cantilever, counterfort, reinforced earth, etc., design and checks for stability; Design of deep foundations, piles, pile groups, well foundations, shaft and base resistances, downdrag, pile load tests; Special topics – Geosynthetics, reinforced earth structures, ground improvement techniques, machine foundations.Cost estimating and bidding: material estimates, labor and equipment costs, cost control, purchasing, tender bidding; Project scheduling: bar charts, PERT, CPM, network diagrams; Project management: quality assurance, crisis management, claims management, safety; Construction machinery and methods; Construction accounting and budgeting; Construction law: building codes, local laws, approvals, environmental impact; arbitration; Construction blueprint and plan reading, environmental considerations; Client relations; Introduction to use of project management software Role of constitutive modeling; Importance of laboratory testing with relation to constitutive modeling; Elasticity: linear, quasilinear, anisotropic; Plasticity basics: yield criteria, flow rule, plastic potential, hardening/softening; Rate Independent Plasticity: Mohr-Coulomb, Non-linear failure criteria, Drucker-Prager, and cap models; Critical state soil mechanics: critical state concept, cam-clay models and simulation; Stress-dilatancy theory; Work hardening plasticity theory: formulation and implementation; Applications of elasto-plastic models; Special Topics: hypoelasticity-plasticity, disturbed state concept.Open Channel Flow: Uniform flow, Critical flow, Gradually varied flow (GVF), Computations in GVF, Sediment transport, Design of canals, Hydraulic jump, Flow past sharp- and broad-crested weirs, Design of spillways, Flood routing, Dam-break flow, Hydraulic design of bridges Pipe Flow: Head losses in pipes, Pipe network analysis, Transients in pipes, Detection of leak and partial blockage Flow measurements and laboratory scale modeling Earthquakes: structure of earth, movement of plates, types of faults, P wave, S wave, surface waves, characterization of earthquakes and earthquake-induced ground motion; response spectra for individual ground motion records, site-specific response spectra, design spectra; single-degree-of-freedom systems; multi-degree-of-freedom systems; analysis, design and detailing of RC frames based on state-of-the-art and various codes IS 456, IS 1893 & IS 13920; Special topics: selection and scaling of ground motions, characterization of seismic hazard, seismic analysis and design of bridges, retaining walls, liquid-storage tanks, dams etc., design of non-structural components, passive structural control Stability of slopes, stability analysis, seismic analysis, probabilistic analysis, design of earth embankments and dams; Earth pressure theories; Earth retaining structures: rigid and flexible, Braced excavation; Reinforced earth structures; Buried structures, Case studies.