Google Book Search helps readers discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. 7 '■ .y ■f ' i^ A- •'^i f THB UFE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON, or THX amtvitan atms, THROUGH THE REVOLUTIONART WAB ; AHD THE OF THE UNITED STATES. His work is therefore necessarily too ezpensi Te to be o Ih tained by all classes of American people.
You can search through the full text of this book on the web at |http : //books . The writer of these memoirs apprehended, that by publishing the life of WASHINGTON in a compressed form, he ■hould enable those of his fellow citizens, who are not in poflsession of Marsha U, to leaye to theb posterity a memorial of a man, who was pre-eminently distin* gnished as a Soldier and Statesman.
Commander in Chief upon it — Sufferings of the Ar- my for the want of Provisions and Clothing — Moa- •ures adopted by the Commander in Chief to obtain Supplies — Methods taken to recruit tlie Army — Sir Henry Clinton appointed Coramamier in Chief of the British Forces — He evacuates Philadelphia, and marches through New- Jersey to New- York — Gene- ral WASHi Kii Tojr pursues him — jbdtt»e of Monmouth — Thanks of Congress to the General ana Army — General Lee censured — He demands a Court Mar- tial, and is suspended from his command — French Fleet appears on the American Coast — Expedition against Rhode Island — It fails — Disaffection between the American and French Officers — Measures of tlie Commander in Chief to prevent the ill consequen- ces of it — Army goes into Winter Quarters in the High Lands 143 CHAPTER VI. The reasons which led him to this measure, were to be early in active service, to learn the designs of the enemy, to at Tord protection to the Engiisn settlements, to cultivate the friendship o/ tho Indians, and to acquire a knowledge of the coun- try, which promised to be the scene of military opera tions.
Plan formed by t/ongress and the French Minister for the invasion of Canada and Nova Scotia — Genera] Washington's objections to it — Delinquency of the Unitea States to prepare for the approaching cam- paign — The exertions of the General — His Letter on the State of the Nation — ^The Remonstrance of Ofiicers belonging to the New-Jersey Brigade to the Legislature of that State — Letters of the Command- CONTENTS 9 •r in Chief on the Subject — Ex^ieditioii agatnil thft Indians under General Sullivan — ^He destroja thvir Towns — ^The American Army posted for the de- fence of tho High Lands on the North Rt Ter, and for the protection of the Country against the incur- sions of the British — Sir Henry Clinton moves up the Hudson, takes possession of Stony and Verplanh Points, and fortifies them — ^Arrangements made for Aqsaiilting these posts— General Wayne carries Stony Pouit by Storm— The At Uc* upon Verplank fiuls— Congress vote their thanks to General Wash- IKGTON and to the brave Troops employed in this service— They vote General Wayne a Medal — Evils of short Enlistments— Plan of the General's to remedy them — ^The Army in two Divisions erect huts for winter quarters, one near West Point, and the oth- er at Morristown in New- Jersey — ^The troops soflbr through the scarcity of Provisions — Colonel Wads- worth resigns his Office — Confusion in the Commis- sary's department — ^The Commander in Chief is ne- cessitated to apportion supplies of Meat and Flour upon the Counties of New- Jersey — ^The winter ex cessively cold, and the waters around New-Tork frozen over ; but the Commander in Chief is too weak to avail himself of this opportunity to Assail the British Posts— Expedition to Staten Ishmd faihi 174 10 CONTENTS. Amount of Emission — Congress destitate of Means to Hupport the War — Supplies apportioned upon the States — Exertions of the Commander in Cliief-— Mutiny in a part of the Army — ^The British make an Excursion into New- Jersey — The American Troops bravely resist them— The Court of France promises a Naval and Land Armament to act in America — Preparation to Co-operate with it — ^A French Squadron arrives on the American Coast — Count Rochambeau lands at Newport with five thousand Men — The American and French Com- manders meet at Hartford to settle the Plan of the Campaign — The Second Division of the French Troops fails — General Arnold becomes a Traitor- He Corresponds with Major Andr6 — Andr& comes on. * His Birth— Education— Appointed an Adjutant General or the militia — ^His embassy to the Ohio— Comiiiissionoi) as Lieutenant Colonel of a regular ronment — Surprises a detachment of French troop»--Capitalation of Fort Nooessity— He is appointed a volun - teer Aid do camp to Goneral Braddoc K — His bravery in the a^ tion in which that General Tell— He is appointo of the colony to raise a regiment to consist of three hundred men. Fry, a gentleman acquainted with the western country, was appointed to command it, and the commission of Lieut. Scarcely had he taken possc Hsion of his ground, when some friendly Indians informed him that tho French had driven away a working party, sent by the Ohio company to erect a tort on i Ui soutlieastcrn branch of the Ohio, and were building a fortress an the very gi "^und, which he hi d recommend* 16 LIFE OF WASHINGTON. They also l^ave the intelligence^ that a force was then marching from that place to the Great Meadows.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. Entored according to Act of Congress, in the year 1847, by PHILLIPS & SAMPSON, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the District of Massachusetts. Th« following publication origi CAted in the anthor't wish to place within reach of the great bod/ of hie countrymen, an authentick biography of General WASHINGTON.
The plan of the writer has been to notice no indiyidual or event, further than was ne- cessary to display the principal character. He has made Judge Maraho U his leading authority for i|^ts, and has in some measure followed him in the order of events.
At the foot of Laurel Hill, tliirteen miles on the way, he was met by a number of friendly Indians, who informed him, that the enemy were hazily approaching with a strong detachment.
A confidential chief assured him, that he had seen a reinforcement arrive at du Quesne, which place he lefl two days before, and had learned that a body con sistmg of eight hundred French and four hundred In- 1754. 17 ' disu Llone I Washington pointedly remonstrated against these measnres ; bat bein^ adopted, did all in hie power to carry them into ei Teet.
At day break his men fired, and rushed upon the French, who, being completely surprised, surrendered One man only made his escape, and Mr. The other companies of the regiment were, at this time, in march to join tliose in advance ; before those reached the camp Colonel Fry died, and the command devolved on Lieutenant Colonel Washington.
Two companies of British troops, one from South-Carolina, and the other from Now- York, also joined the regiment at the Great Meadows, making a force of four hun- dred effective men.