So let's zoom into this nucleus and take a look at the beta decay process.Inside this nucleus, we see protons and neutrons, but let's say one of these neutrons is feeling as if things would be more stable if it could turn into a proton.We call the unstable nuclide that undergoes radioactive decay the parent nuclide and the nuclide that results from the radioactive decay the daughter nuclide.This is a fairly easy concept to remember because it is as if the original nuclide is giving birth to the new nuclide, much like a human parent and daughter relationship.When we talk about an alpha particle, we use the first letter of the Greek alphabet, which is here.So let's zoom into a nucleus and take a look at this alpha decay process.In fact, you might like this term better, because the dating method relies on the known decay rate of radioactive isotopes.Regardless of which name you prefer, the discovery was a true breakthrough that provided a tool to predict the geological history of the Earth and even the age of the Earth itself.
The nucleus moves to a lower energy state by giving off this high-energy photon, and this allows the nucleus to reorganize itself into a more stable state. Radiometric dating, also known as radioactive dating, is what we use to determine the age of rocks.
This transformation into a different nuclide can be accomplished in different ways.
Alpha decay is a type of radioactive decay where an alpha particle is emitted.
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Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. So we have to rely on something called radiometric dating to figure out the age of rock.