Primarily working as merchants and traders, the Jewish community was forced to live a clandestine life, calling themselves "Portugals".
After the British took over rule of Jamaica, the Jews decided the best defense against Spain's regaining control was to encourage making the colony a base for Caribbean pirates.
They were brought in as indentured labourers and soldiers after the conquest of Jamaica by Cromwells forces in 1655, The majority of Irish were transported by force as political prisoners of war from Ireland as a result of the ongoing Wars of the Three Kingdoms at the time.
Jews were expelled from Spain in 1492 and then forcibly converted to Christianity in Portugal, during a period of persecution by the Inquisition.
By 1660, Jamaica had become a refuge for Jews in the New World, also attracting those who had been expelled from Spain and Portugal.
) is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea, consisting of the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles.Jamaica is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with legislative power vested in the bicameral Parliament of Jamaica, consisting of an appointed Senate and a directly elected House of Representatives.When Christopher Columbus arrived in 1494, there were more than 200 villages ruled by caciques (chiefs of villages).Some Spanish and Portuguese Jewish refugees went to the Netherlands and England, and from there to Jamaica.Others were part of the Iberian colonisation of the New World, after overtly converting to Catholicism, as only Catholics were allowed in the Spanish colonies.The name is still used today by modern Maroon descendants, who have certain rights and autonomy at the community of Accompong.